In December 2019, the California Division of Measurement Standards (DMS) finalized rules for measuring and verifying meter tolerance in electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE), i.e., EV charging stations. I’d like to take the opportunity to explain the code, clarify the timeline for implementation and to highlight ChargePoint’s position.
First, a little background. The California DMS rules formalize national guidelines governing electric vehicle fueling systems set forth in the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Handbook 44. Among other things, the soon to be ratified code ensures that drivers charging their vehicles at publicly accessible commercial charging stations will actually receive the amount of kilowatt (kWh) hours they’re paying for. Not too controversial, right? After all, DMS already tests gasoline pumps and deli counter scales for accuracy.
The California DMS rules (which only apply to publicly available EVSE) require that:
- Charging stations have received a safety certification by a nationally recognized testing lab
- All publicly used commercial charging stations must include an easy-to-read user display
- Pricing must be clearly displayed and easily understood
- Stations must display voltage rating, type of current and max power
- Stations must display the quantity of electricity delivered
- Stations must display temperature limits, if narrower than and within – 40 °C to + 85 °C (− 40 °F to 185 °F)
- Require testing of station meters to a certain accuracy of 1% for level 2 (L2) and 1 – 2.5% for DC fast charge (DCFC)
The following are exempt from the rules:
- Stations owned and operated by public utilities, public entities and municipalities
- Stations unavailable to the public (e.g., EVSE used in residential or workplace charging situations)
- Stations that dispense electricity as motor vehicle fuel at no cost to the consumer
- Stations that deliver wholesale electricity
If you’re a current ChargePoint customer, you’re in luck. ChargePoint solutions already fully comply with the California DMS code, now and in the future.
For those with stations not currently in compliance, don’t worry, you still have time to act. Despite reports to the contrary, the new rules didn’t take effect at the beginning of this year (2020). In fact, you have until next January (and even then, the regulations are phased in over several years depending on charging level and the age of your stations).
Charging stations must meet the new requirements as follows:
- January 1, 2021: New level 2 (L2) AC installations on or after this date
- January 1, 2031: L2 stations installed prior to January 1, 2021 (i.e., existing L2 infrastructure)
- January 1, 2023: New DC fast charger installations on or after this date
- January 1, 2033: DC fast chargers installed prior to January 1, 2023
We empathize with certain prominent manufacturers who objected to the rules (especially those mandating displays) from an aesthetic point of view. That’s why we helped them negotiate with legislators the “grandfathering” provisions for existing stations. However, other EVSE makers fought the new legislation on the basis that “no charging station is capable of metering as accurately as ChargePoint.” While we appreciate the vote of confidence, those types of objections clearly highlight the kinds of business practices the new rules seek to prevent—practices that lead to substandard equipment, nefarious players and, ultimately, a poor driver experience.
Consumers have a right to know what they’re paying for and confidence that fueling their electric vehicle is both safe and affordable. That’s why ChargePoint helped to draft the original NIST guidelines and why we wholeheartedly support the new California rules.
Consumers have a right to know what they’re paying for and confidence that fueling their electric vehicle is both safe and affordable. That’s why ChargePoint helped to draft the original NIST guidelines and why we wholeheartedly support the new California rules. We encourage everyone in the burgeoning electric fueling industry to support the DMS code and to help promote adoption of similar regulations across the nation. They’re good for the industry, good for consumers and good for the planet.
The final DMS rules go beyond meter accuracy, even including a requirement that pricing policies clearly delineate between kWh charges, session charges and parking fees.
To find out more, read the full text of the code here: