EV Life | March 25, 2019

When and How to Use DC Fast Charging


Team ChargePoint

How to Use DC Fast Charging

ChargePoint DC fast chargers charge faster than Level 2 (AC) chargers and are easy to use. Like any Level 2 ChargePoint charging station, just tap your phone or card, plug in to charge and then go on your way. The best time to use DC fast charging is when you need a charge right away and you’re willing to pay a little more for the convenience—like on a road trip, or if you have a low battery but are pressed for time. 

Check out these tips to get a great fast charging experience. 

Tip: Not every EV is capable of DC fast charging. If you think you’ll need a fast charge from time to time, make sure to ask about this option when buying your EV. We tell you what cars have fast charging in our EV showroom.

Check Your Car and Connector Type 

DC fast charging uses a different connector from the J1772 connector used for Level 2 AC charging. Leading fast charging standards are SAE Combo (CCS1 in the U.S. and CCS2 in Europe), CHAdeMO and Tesla (as well as GB/T in China). More and more cars are equipped for DC fast charging these days, but be sure to take a quick look at your car's port before you try to plug in. Here's what some common connectors look like:

EV Charging Connector Types

Tip: You can filter by connector type in the ChargePoint app to find stations that work for your EV.

Save Fast Charging for When You Need it Most 

Fees are usually higher for DC fast charging than for Level 2 charging. (Because it provides more power, DC fast is more expensive to install and operate.) Given the extra cost, it doesn’t add up to fast charge every day. But there’s another reason not to overdo it on DC: a lot of power flows from a DC fast charger, and managing it puts extra strain on your battery. Using a DC charger all the time could reduce your battery’s efficiency and lifespan, so it’s best to use one only when you need it. Keep in mind that drivers who don't have access to charging at home or work may rely more on DC fast charging. Using a fast charger when you don't really need to could keep someone who's desperate for a charge from getting one.  

Follow the 80% Rule 

Every car battery follows what’s called a “charging curve” when charging. Charging starts slow while your car monitors several factors (from your battery’s charge level to the weather outside), climbs to peak speeds for as long as possible and slows down again around 80% to prolong battery life. (We'll show you what these "charging curves" of charging speed look like in some upcoming posts.) 

With a DC fast charger, it’s best to unplug when your battery reaches about 80% charge. That’s when charging slows dramatically—it could take almost as long to fill the last 20% of charge as it did to get to 80% in the first place. Unplugging when you get to 80% charge is not only more efficient for you, it’s also considerate to other EV drivers and helps make sure that as many people as possible can use fast charging stations. Check the ChargePoint app to see how your charge is going and when to unplug.  

Did you know? With the ChargePoint app, you can see the rate at which your car is charging in real time. Just click on Charging Activity in the main menu to see your current session. 

How DC Fast EV Charging Works

 

AC vs DC

Finally, if you’ve ever wondered why it’s called “DC fast charging,” that answer is simple, too. “DC” refers to “direct current,” the type of power that batteries use. Level 2 charging stations use “AC,” or “alternating current,” which you’ll find in typical household outlets. EVs have “onboard chargers” inside the car that convert AC power to DC for the battery. DC fast chargers convert AC power to DC within the charging station and deliver DC power directly to the battery, which is why they charge faster.

Our ChargePoint Express stations provide DC fast charging. You can find a fast charging spot that works for your car using the ChargePoint app.

Find a Fast Charge


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